flora & fauna - island korčula

KOČJE


As one enters the village coming from Korčula, there is a road leading off to the right to Brdo (0.5km). Brdo is part of the village perched high on the hill, from where one can walk to Kočje (2.5km), through a pleasant landscape containing dolomite rock formations.

Korčula is the most densely wooded of the larger Croatian islands, with 61% of its surface forested. The remainder comprises olive groves, vines and other cultivation. Less than 5% is bare rock.

flora

The forests of Korčula consist mostly of Aleppo pine (pinus halepensis), coastal pine (pinus maritimus), black pine (pinus nigra), stone pine (pinus pinea) and the evergreen maritime oak "česvina" (quercus ilex).

The wild olive (olea oleaster fiori) can also be found in the woods, as well as the black ash (fraxinus ornus), the prickly juniper (juniperus oxycedrus) and others.

There are numerous cypresses (cypressus sempervirens) near the villages and roads.

A substantial part of the island is covered by "maquis". Maquis comprises bushes of stunted coastal oak and juniper as well as arbutus (arbutus unedo), myrtle (myrtus communis), European holly (phyllirea latifolia), heather (erica arborea) and other plants.
Arbutus (the "strawberry" tree) predominates in the maquis with its white flowers and sweet, bright red fruit.

Cultivated bay (laurus nobilis) can be found near the villages and in courtyards.

There are very useful medicinal and aromatic plants sage, rosemary, sweet marjoram, mint. Many wild herbs such as "žutinica" are used in cooking, dressed in olive oil.
Mulberry trees (white and black) used to be planted for their valuable wood.

Blato has a well-known avenue lined with lime-trees and Korčula has many decorative trees, bushes and plants such as palm, tamarisk, oleander, agave, cactus, Bougainvillea and others.

fauna

Korčula has a varied wildlife from beetles to insects and from lizards to birds.

Its fauna includes the biggest European snake – the non-poisonous four-stripe "kravosica" which can grow to 3 metres. A particularly interesting lizard is a cephalopod with stunted legs, which many mistake for a snake, but is in fact a timid lizard useful to man.

Birds are numerous and visitors enjoy their song, from blackbirds to nightingales, as they swoop over the dense woods and fertile fields. Large owls inhabit the pines and among the birds of prey are hawks and falcons. Large flocks of migratory birds use Korčula as a staging post and sea-gulls are an obligatory part of the Korčula landscape.
The sea-gulls are an obligatory part of the Korčula landscape, and large flights of migratory birds arrive on the island during migration.

Among the mammals, there are mongoose, martens, weasels and rabbits, but of particular interest is the European jackal ("čagalj"), the last surviving pack of that genus (canis aureus).
From the beginning of the eighties, wild boar, which had not hitherto inhabited Korčula, began to cross over to the Dalmatian islands in increasing numbers.

The beasts of burden are donkeys and mules; and pigs, goats and sheep are kept for meat and milk.

Korčula’s waters are rich in a broad variety of excellent fish. Some will leap above the surface to be picked off by diving birds.

our Tips

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KOČJE - ŽRNOVO
abounds with varied and rare vegetation and picturesque scenery

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Enyoj fascinating flora and fauna of island Korčula